(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

fcloseCloses an open file pointer


fclose(resource $stream): bool

The file pointed to by stream is closed.



The file pointer must be valid, and must point to a file successfully opened by fopen() or fsockopen().

Return Values

Returns true on success or false on failure.


Example #1 A simple fclose() example


= fopen('somefile.txt', 'r');



See Also

  • fopen() - Opens file or URL
  • fsockopen() - Open Internet or Unix domain socket connection

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

jricher at jacquesricher dot com
18 years ago
It is a GOOD_THING to check the return value from fclose(), as some operating systems only flush file output on close, and can, therefore, return an error from fclose(). You can catch severe data-eating errors by doing this.

I learned this the hard way.
daniel7 dot martinez at ps dot ge dot com
21 years ago
Generally, it's always a good idea to close a file when you're done with it. It's very easy for something to go wrong and corrupt a file that hasn't been closed properly. If you're concerned about efficiency, the overhead is negligible.
10 years ago
In case you have some trouble to properly disconnect some client streams opened with stream_socket_server / stream_select you should give a try to stream_socket_shutdown.

<?php stream_socket_shutdown($clientStream,STREAM_SHUT_RDWR); ?>
Glenn S
1 month ago
Note that from PHP 8.0 onwards, attempting to close a stream that is already closed will throw a fatal TypeError.

Prior to PHP 8, this just caused a warning (that you can silence with @).
tom dot vom dot berg at online dot de
8 years ago
if you want to daysychain a filehandle through some functions and each function is allowed to close th file you might look in a following function first, if the handle is still valid.

Opening a file, there often will be used a code like

if (!$fh = fopen($filename, $mode)) return false;

But if you possably have closed the file and you want to check that, a smililar statement would not work.

DOES NOT WORK:   if (!$fh)  end_of_chain();

use beter: if (is_resource($fh))   end_of_chain();
mark at markvange * com
16 years ago
It is very important to make sure you clear any incoming packets out of the incoming buffer using fread() or some equivalent.  Although you can call fclose() the socket does not actually shut down until the inbound packets have been cleared.  This can lead to some confusion.
James R. Steel
17 years ago
In response to kumar mcmillan 'gotcha' note below, we get a different result on a W2K machine:

= fopen('textfile.dat', 'r');
'$file_pointer is resource = ' . (is_resource($file_pointer) ? 'true': 'false');

$file_pointer is resource = false
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